- What are electromagnetic fields?
- Static and low-frequency fields
- What are static and low-frequency electric and magnetic fields?
- Direct and alternating voltage
- Effects of static and low-frequency fields
- Reports & Evaluations
- Radiation protection relating to the expansion of the national grid
- Basics transfer of electrical power
- High-frequency fields
- What are high-frequency fields?
- Applications high-frequency fields
- Radiation protection in mobile communication
- What is mobile communication?
- Reports and evaluations
- What is optical radiation?
- UV radiation
- What is UV radiation?
- Sun but safe!
- Effects of UV radiation
- Protection against UV radiation
- UV index
- Infrared radiation
- What is ionising radiation?
- Radioactivity in the environment
- Where does radioactivity occur in the environment?
- What is the level of natural radiation exposure in Germany?
- Air, soil and water
- Building materials
- Industrial residues (NORM)
- BfS laboratories
- Applications in medicine
- Radiation protection in medicine: international activities
- Applications in daily life and in technology
- Radioactive radiation sources in Germany
- Register high-level radioactive radiation sources
- Type approval procedure pursuant to RöV and StrlSchV
- Cabin luggage security checks
- Radioactive materials in watches
- Ionisation smoke detectors (ISM)
- What are the effects of radiation?
- Effects of selected radioactive materials
- Consequences of a radiation accident
- Cancer and leukaemia
- Genetic radiation effects
- Individual radiosensitivity
- Epidemiology of radiation-induced diseases
- Ionising radiation: positive effects?
- Risk estimation and assessment
- Radiation protection
- Basic information
- Occupational radiation protection
- Nuclear accident management
- What is an emergency?
- What happens in an emergency?
- Federal and state tasks
- In the event of an emergency
- Measuring networks
- Exercises for emergency situations
- Defence against nuclear hazards
- Service offers
- Radon measurements
- Incorporation monitoring
- Biological dosimetry
- Online library
- About us
- Science and research
- Research concept
- Scientific collaborations
- EU research framework programme
- BfS research programme
- Third-party funded research
- Departmental research
- Selected research projects
- Selected research results
- Professional opinions
- Science Council
- Laws and regulations
- BfS Topics in the Bundestag
Federal government expands measurement network for UV radiation
Measurements enable more conscious behaviour and UV prevention
Joint press release from the Federal Office for Radiation Protection and the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Conservation and Nuclear Safety
Year of issue 2018
Climate change is granting us more hot and sunny days – and therefore more cancer-causing UV radiation. To inform all citizens reliably about the current exposure to ultraviolet radiation, the Federal Office for Radiation Protection (BfS) is expanding its UV measurement network.
This was announced on 27 August 2018 by Federal Environment Minister Svenja Schulze during her visit to the BfS site in Neuherberg near Munich. By the end of 2019, a further 20 measurement stations are to be added to the 12 already in the UV measurement network.
Greater public UV exposure as a consequence of climate change
Svenja Schulze says
"UV radiation can increase as a result of climate change, which can cause greater UV exposure for the general public. We want to strengthen UV prevention. To do this, we need an effective UV measurement network across Germany. And that's what we're building."
Climate change affects UV radiation in three ways:
- More sunny days mean more days with high UV values,
- in spring, depending on the metrological situation in the atmosphere, mini ozone holes can occur that can allow the UV index to rise to significant levels as early as the end of March.
- The ozone layer is apparently not recovering to the extent that was originally forecast.
This means that the UV exposure for each individual can rise and so can the risk of serious illnesses for the skin and eyes.
Inge Paulini, President of the Federal Office for Radiation Protection says
"Each year more people in Germany are becoming ill with UV-related skin cancers. We want to counteract this trend by improving the prerequisites that enable people to protect themselves effectively. This also includes ensuring that people have information about current UV exposure. This is why we are expanding the existing UV measurement network – the denser the network of measurement stations, the more reliable the information on the current UV index. Reliable information is the basis for responsible behaviour in the sun."
Expansion of the national UV measurement network
For the BfS, explaining risks is an important component in protecting the population. This includes information about the prevailing UV exposure in Germany, which is indicated by the UV index. Together with the Federal Environment Agency, the German Metrological Service and other institutions, the BfS operates the UV measurement network, which is to be expanded by a further 20 stations alongside the existing 12. UV radiation will be measured here from sunrise to sunset and will be converted into the UV index by the BfS measurement network office in Neuherberg near Munich.
For many years, the BfS has been working to counteract UV-related illnesses, especially skin cancer. Calculations based on data in the Schleswig-Holstein cancer register in 2018 show that the number of new cancer illnesses has risen further. It states that in 2015 around 293,000 people were newly diagnosed with skin cancer, of which around 258,000 were fair skin cancer types and around 35,500 were malignant melanoma. This is around ten per cent more than in 2013.
The rise in skin cancer cases is an indication that recommendations for cautious behaviour are insufficient on their own, for example avoiding strong sunlight, wearing suitable clothes and applying sun cream. Together with other partners in the UV protection association, the BfS is campaigning for changes to framework conditions. These include offering sufficient protection from UV radiation at nurseries and schools, as well as at sports facilities, in public places and at work.
The measures specified in the UV protection association policy paper should contribute to this.
UV measurement data can be found at: www.bfs.de/uv-index
State of 2018.08.27