- What are electromagnetic fields?
- Static and low-frequency fields
- What are static and low-frequency electric and magnetic fields?
- Direct and alternating voltage
- Effects of static and low-frequency fields
- Reports & Evaluations
- Radiation protection relating to the expansion of the national grid
- Basics transfer of electrical power
- High-frequency fields
- What are high-frequency fields?
- Applications high-frequency fields
- Radiation protection in mobile communication
- What is mobile communication?
- Reports and evaluations
- What is optical radiation?
- UV radiation
- What is UV radiation?
- Sun but safe!
- Effects of UV radiation
- Protection against UV radiation
- UV index
- Infrared radiation
- What is ionising radiation?
- Radioactivity in the environment
- Where does radioactivity occur in the environment?
- What is the level of natural radiation exposure in Germany?
- Air, soil and water
- Building materials
- Industrial residues (NORM)
- BfS laboratories
- Applications in medicine
- Radiation protection in medicine: international activities
- Applications in daily life and in technology
- Radioactive radiation sources in Germany
- Register high-level radioactive radiation sources
- Type approval procedure pursuant to RöV and StrlSchV
- Cabin luggage security checks
- Radioactive materials in watches
- Ionisation smoke detectors (ISM)
- What are the effects of radiation?
- Acute radiation damage
- Effects of selected radioactive materials
- Consequences of a radiation accident
- Cancer and leukaemia
- Genetic radiation effects
- Individual radiosensitivity
- Epidemiology of radiation-induced diseases
- Ionising radiation: positive effects?
- Risk estimation and assessment
- Radiation protection
- Basic informations
- Occupational radiation protection
- Nuclear accident management
- What happens in an emergency?
- Federal and state tasks
- In the event of an emergency
- Measuring networks
- Exercises for emergency situations
- Nuclear accidents
- Defence against nuclear hazards
- Service offers
- Radon measurements
- Incorporation monitoring
- Biological dosimetry
- Online library
- About us
- Science and research
- Research concept
- Scientific collaborations
- EU research framework programme
- BfS research programme
- Third-party funded research
- Departmental research
- Selected research projects
- Selected research results
- Professional opinions
- Science Council
- Laws and regulations
- BfS Topics in the Bundestag
What is the UV Index?
- The UV Index describes the expected daily peak level of the erythemal UV irradiance at ground level.
- The higher the UV Index, the faster a sunburn can occur when skin is not protected
- The UV Index is a guide to answering the question what sunscreen measures should be taken and when.
The UV Index describes the expected daily peak level of the erythemal UV irradiance at ground level.
Similar to the Richter scale in earthquakes, the UV Index is to be understood as an open-top scale, which gives guideline values for the UV irradiance. The higher the UV Index, the higher the UV irradiance and the faster a sunburn can occur when skin is not protected.
The UV Index has been defined by the WHO and is uniform worldwide. Therefore, for example, a UV Index of 7 in Germany means exactly the same as the same value in Kenya or Canada.
The UV Iindex depends mainly on the position of the sun; it therefore varies most with the season and the geographic latitude. The total ozone concentration in the atmosphere, the cloudiness and the altitude of a location also play a role.
Light sky cover hardly reduces the UV Index. In contrast, at particular sky cover situations it can even increase in the short term due to additional scattered radiation, as compared with the UV Index with a clear sky.
In Germany, values of 8 to 9 are reached in summer, and even 11 at high altitudes in the Southern German mountain regions. Values of 12 and higher can occur at the equator.
UV Index as a guide for sun protection measures
The UV Index scale is divided into different areas, for which different protection recommendations apply. The UV Index is therefore not only a guide to the expected erythemal UV irradiance, but gives also recommendations as to what sun protection measures should be taken at what UV Index values.
|UV-Index||Exposure category||Protection measures|
|1 - 2||low||No protection required: You can safely stay outside!|
|3 - 5||moderate|
|6 - 7||high|
|8 - 10||very high|
|11 and higher||extreme|
Note: The recommendations apply for the daily maximum level of the UV Index when skies are cloudless.
Caution: UV exposure on snow, water and at the beach (lucid sand areas) can be higher than the maximum UV Index that had been forecast for the day. That’s because UV radiation is reflected from bright or reflective surfaces. Special attention should therefore be paid to sufficient sun protection in such situations.
UV Index - measured or modelled
The UV Index is based either on values measured at ground level or on satellite measurement data of the UV irradiance. In the latter case, the UV Index is calculated, i.e. modelled. For Germany, BfS publishes measurement data from the UV monitoring network and UV Index forecasts for 10 forecast areas based on these network data. The German Weather Service (DWD) publishes modelled forecasts of the UV Index based on satellite data.
The UV Index during the day
The UV Index can also be presented as a variable quantity over the day. In this case, the actually measured daily increasing and decreasing erythemal UV irradiance is displayed as UV Index. Strictly speaking, this is not correct according to the UV Index definition, but this helps to illustrate the UV irradiance changing over the day. The daily UV Index variation at the individual stations of the UV monitoring network is published at the BfS Geoportal.
State of 2018.07.16