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Ionising radiation

Environmental Radioactivity - Medicine - Occupational Radiation Protection - Nuclear Hazards Defence

Ionisierende Strahlung

Air monitoring at Schauinsland measuring station

In addition to highly sensitive monitoring equipment for trace analysis, the Schauinsland measuring station has a multitude of measuring instruments used for gathering data in real time in the context of emergency preparedness.

Air monitoring

As part of air monitoring and trace analysis, the Federal Office for Radiation Protection (BfS) measures the activity concentrations of radioactive substances in the air. In air monitoring, natural and artificial radionuclides from the atmosphere are measured continuously; the results are available within a few hours. In trace analysis, minute traces of radionuclides are detected. For that purpose, airborne dust is collected in large-area filters over seven days, measured and then analysed.

View of the BfS Schauinsland measuring station

Monitoring station Schauinsland: history and tasksmission

1946, a group of scientists from the Institute of Physics of the Albert-Ludwigs-University in Freiburg began to conduct experiments to characteris the cosmic radiation on Mt Schauinsland in the Black Forest. 1953, the researchers for the first time succeeded in detecting fallout from nuclear weapons tests in precipitation samples. As a result, a permanent monitoring station was built on Mt Schauinsland for the continuous long-term monitoring of the atmosphere for artificial and natural radioactivity. In 1957 the station began operation. Today the station is also part of the International Monitoring System (IMIS) for the verification of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) adopted by the UN.

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