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Environmental Radioactivity - Medicine - Occupational Radiation Protection - Nuclear Hazards Defence

Ionisierende Strahlung

International Workshop on the security of sealed radioactive sources in Berlin

Sealed radioactive sources are used worldwide for many applications in medicine, industry, research and education. However, considering growing globalization and the worldwide distribution of sealed radioactive sources, the potential for malevolent use or malicious acts is increasing, meaning that the security of sealed radioactive sources is very important.

At the "Nuclear Security Summit" meetings in 2012 and 2014 the German Government emphasized the need to improve nuclear security, in particular in view of the huge number of sealed radioactive sources used in medicine worldwide. The German Government stressed the desire to support other States in their efforts to strengthen nuclear security and announced an international workshop on the security of sealed radioactive sources as part of the German contribution to the "gift basket" of the Nuclear Security Summit. This workshop will be organized by the Federal Office for Radiation Protection (Bundesamt für Strahlenschutz - BfS) by order of the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (Bundesministeriums für Umwelt, Naturschutz, Bau und Reaktorsicherheit - BMUB) and the Federal Foreign Office. It takes place from 13th to 15th September, 2016 at the Federal Foreign Office in Berlin.

Goals of the Workshop

The central question to be discussed is whether the international standards and regulations concerning the security of sealed radioactive sources are sufficient and whether these regulations are implemented effectively worldwide. The discussion should focus especially on the Code of Conduct on the Safety and Security of Radioactive Sources (CoC) of the International Atomic Energy Organization (IAEA), whose provisions are considered an important contribution to the worldwide endeavors to secure radioactive sources. The implementation of its recommendations into national legislation is part of the responsibility of each State.

Participants of the workshop shall report about their national situation concerning the safety and security of sealed radioactive sources and shall present their approaches to establish a national regulatory infrastructure. Furthermore, the provisions laid down in the Code of Contact as well as in the additional Directive on the import and export of sealed radioactive sources (Guidance on the Import and Export of Radioactive Sources) should be analyzed concerning their completeness and worldwide validity. In particular, the following topics shall be addressed:

  • Life-cycle controls for sealed radioactive sources,
  • Education and training of stakeholders concerning their responsibilities,
  • International support for a national threat analysis,
  • Improvement of the security culture,
  • International trade of sealed radioactive sources,
  • Management of orphaned sources,
  • Management of disused sources (end-of-life-management),
  • Overlap and gaps between safety and security.

Other international documents in addition to the CoC might also be considered in the discussions, i.e. "Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management", the European directive in 2013/59/Euratom, the international "Basic Safety Standards" as well as other safety standards such as IAEA NSS 11 and NSS 14. The documentation of the results of the workshop will be discussed with the participants.

Intended participants are

  • representatives of German and international authorities
  • representatives of international organizations and initiatives
  • persons experienced in the utilization of sealed radioactive sources (e.g., manufacturers, significant users)


  • 1st day: Opening, Keynotes, high level presentations, technical presentations and discussion
  • 2nd day: small topical working groups (break-out sessions) about the development of recommendations,
  • 3rd day: presentation of the results of the topical working groups of the 2nd day, discussion and preparation of a final statement at the plenary hall.


Federal Foreign Office
Werderscher Markt 1
10117 Berlin


The workshop is organized by order of the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety and the Federal Foreign Office by the

Federal Office for Radiation Protection
Willy-Brandt-Straße 5
38226 Salzgitter

You may find contact details for registration and more information on the official homepage of the workshop.

State of 2016.07.29

© Bundesamt für Strahlenschutz