- What are electromagnetic fields?
- Static and low-frequency fields
- What are static and low-frequency fields?
- Direct and alternating voltage
- Effects of static and low-frequency fields
- Reports & Evaluations
- Radiation protection relating to the expansion of the national grid
- Basics transfer of electrical power
- High-frequency fields
- What are high-frequency fields?
- Applications high-frequency fields
- Radiation protection in mobile communication
- What is mobile communication?
- Reports and evaluations
- What is optical radiation?
- UV radiation
- What is UV radiation?
- Sun but safe!
- Effects of UV radiation
- Protection against UV radiation
- UV index
- Infrared radiation
- What is ionising radiation?
- Radioactivity in the environment
- Where does radioactivity occur in the environment?
- What is the level of natural radiation exposure in Germany?
- Air, soil and water
- Building materials
- Industrial residues (NORM)
- BfS laboratories
- Applications in medicine
- Applications in daily life and in technology
- Radioactive radiation sources in Germany
- Register high-level radioactive radiation sources
- Type approval procedure pursuant to RöV and StrlSchV
- Cabin luggage security checks
- Radioactive materials in watches
- Ionisation smoke detectors (ISM)
- What are the effects of radiation?
- Acute radiation damage
- Effects of selected radioactive materials
- Consequences of a radiation accident
- Cancer and leukaemia
- Genetic radiation effects
- Individual radiosensitivity
- Epidemiology of radiation-induced diseases
- Ionising radiation: positive effects?
- Risk estimation and assessment
- Radiation protection
- Basic informations
- Occupational radiation protection
- Nuclear accident management
- What happens in an emergency?
- Federal and state tasks
- In the event of an emergency
- Measuring networks
- Exercises for emergency situations
- Nuclear accidents
- Defence against nuclear hazards
- Service offers
- Radon measurements
- Incorporation monitoring
- Biological dosimetry
- About us
- Science and research
- Research concept
- Scientific collaborations
- EU research framework programme
- BfS research programme
- Third-party funded research
- Departmental research
- Selected research projects
- Selected research results
- Professional opinions
- Laws and regulations
- BfS Topics in the Bundestag
International measuring networks
Within the European Union, the member states have committed themselves to continuously monitoring environmental radioactivity. At the international level, also the CTBT measuring network for the monitoring of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty provides worldwide data on environmental radioactivity.
Measuring networks at the European level
All member states of the European Union have committed themselves to continuously monitoring environmental radioactivity and operate measuring networks similar to those established by the Federal Office for Radiation Protection (BfS). Austria and Switzerland have comparatively dense networks just like Germany; other countries focus on monitoring nuclear installations, that is, the measuring stations are mainly located in proximity to these facilities.
The measuring station on Mt Schauinsland is one of the four German locations of the dense network of the European Union (EU) ("Dense and Sparse Network") for monitoring environmental radioactivity. In accordance with Article 35 of the EURATOM Treaty, the data on the ambient gamma dose rate (ODL) and activity concentrations in airborne dust recorded at the station are reported to the EU.
In this context, the measurement values for these and other environmental media provided by the member states are summarised and published by the Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Union.
The measurement values of the local gamma dose rate (ODL) and other environmental media are summarised and published by the Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Union.
The BfS works closely together with the JRC, operates a server for EURDEP in Freiburg and is conducting a long-term inter-comparison experiment with radiation detectors from national and international measuring networks with the project INTERCAL at Schauinsland measuring station.
The worldwide monitoring network of the CTBT
At the international level, the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO) operates a global monitoring network. The Schauinsland radionuclide measurement station is one of currently about 60 stations able to detect aerosol-borne gamma emitters in the range of a few microbecquerels per cubic metre of air and radioactive noble gases in the range below one millibecquerel per cubic metre of air.
The noble gas laboratory of the BfS in Freiburg is also specialised in measuring radioactive krypton and radioactive xenon. It investigates their sources, the atmospheric dispersion of the released radioactivity and the so-called background radiation, in other words, the radioactivity that is constantly present in the air. Over the past few years, samples from all continents including Antarctica were analysed.
State of 2017.06.26