- What are electromagnetic fields?
- Static and low-frequency fields
- What are static and low-frequency electric and magnetic fields?
- Direct and alternating voltage
- Effects of static and low-frequency fields
- Reports & Evaluations
- Radiation protection relating to the expansion of the national grid
- Basics transfer of electrical power
- High-frequency fields
- What are high-frequency fields?
- Applications high-frequency fields
- Radiation protection in mobile communication
- What is mobile communication?
- Reports and evaluations
- What is optical radiation?
- UV radiation
- What is UV radiation?
- Sun but safe!
- Effects of UV radiation
- Protection against UV radiation
- UV index
- Infrared radiation
- What is ionising radiation?
- Radioactivity in the environment
- Where does radioactivity occur in the environment?
- What is the level of natural radiation exposure in Germany?
- Air, soil and water
- Building materials
- Industrial residues (NORM)
- BfS laboratories
- Applications in medicine
- Applications in daily life and in technology
- Radioactive radiation sources in Germany
- Register high-level radioactive radiation sources
- Type approval procedure pursuant to RöV and StrlSchV
- Cabin luggage security checks
- Radioactive materials in watches
- Ionisation smoke detectors (ISM)
- What are the effects of radiation?
- Acute radiation damage
- Effects of selected radioactive materials
- Consequences of a radiation accident
- Cancer and leukaemia
- Genetic radiation effects
- Individual radiosensitivity
- Epidemiology of radiation-induced diseases
- Ionising radiation: positive effects?
- Risk estimation and assessment
- Radiation protection
- Basic informations
- Occupational radiation protection
- Nuclear accident management
- What happens in an emergency?
- Federal and state tasks
- In the event of an emergency
- Measuring networks
- Exercises for emergency situations
- Nuclear accidents
- Defence against nuclear hazards
- Service offers
- Radon measurements
- Incorporation monitoring
- Biological dosimetry
- Online library
- About us
- Science and research
- Research concept
- Scientific collaborations
- EU research framework programme
- BfS research programme
- Third-party funded research
- Departmental research
- Selected research projects
- Selected research results
- Professional opinions
- Laws and regulations
- BfS Topics in the Bundestag
How does IMIS work?
The task of IMIS is to continuously monitor the environment and thus be able to detect small changes in environmental radioactivity in a fast and reliable manner, as well as to recognize long-ranging trends. More than 60 German Federal and State laboratories participate in this measuring program.
Measuring networks that operate continuously are equipped for monitoring radioactivity on the ground, in the atmosphere, in the federal waterways and in the North and Baltic Seas. Moreover during routine operation, more than 10.000 individual measurements are performed each year all over Germany, in air, water, soil, food and animal feed.
All results are merged, evaluated, refined and presented in well-arranged documents. Every year the results are summarised in the report
"Environmental Radioactivity and Radiation Exposure".
Establishing IMIS: consequence of nuclear disaster in Chernobyl
The 1986 Chernobyl nuclear disaster showed that the preparations for a large-scale contamination of the environment were insufficient at the time: Measurements were not performed systematically and not co-ordinated. The dose assessments, as well as the exchange of data via fax and typewriter, were time-consuming and difficult. At best, results were displayed in terms of charts. Drawing up clear graphics was complicated and thus practically not exercised. Therefore, politicians judged the situation in many different ways, which caused significant uncertainty among the public.
As a consequence of these experiences, the Precautionary Radiation Protection Act (StrVG) was adopted in 1986. It is the legal basis for establishing the
"Integrated Measuring and Information System for the Surveillance of Environmental Radioactivity" (IMIS).
Quick capture of the radiological situation
IMIS is primarily designed for the quick capture of the radiological situation in case of an accident. In order to be able to make decisions on protective measures, IMIS must provide three types of information in a fast and reliable way:
- Which areas are affected, and to what extent?
- Which radionuclides play a role?
- What is the current and anticipated level of exposure to the public in the affected areas?
IMIS consists of several interlocking, harmonized components. A differentiation between three levels can be made within IMIS (see the above picture):
- measurements of environmental contamination and prognostic dose assessments,
- consolidation, evaluation, preparation and depiction of the results,
- transmission of the results to the Federal Ministry for the Environment's (BMU) decision-making level.
Current measuring data
- Current measuring data of the BfS for atmospheric radioactivity
at the Schauinsland station and from federal as well as global measuring networks (in German)
- Ambient dose rate (ODL)
The depiction of this data (mean value of all the results from the previous day, averaged over 24 hours; in German) in the internet is updated daily.
- IMIS: Current measuring data on BfS Geo-Portal
State of 2016.08.03