- What are electromagnetic fields?
- Static and low-frequency fields
- What are static and low-frequency electric and magnetic fields?
- Direct and alternating voltage
- Effects of static and low-frequency fields
- Reports & Evaluations
- Radiation protection relating to the expansion of the national grid
- Basics transfer of electrical power
- High-frequency fields
- What are high-frequency fields?
- Applications high-frequency fields
- Radiation protection in mobile communication
- What is mobile communication?
- Reports and evaluations
- What is optical radiation?
- UV radiation
- What is UV radiation?
- Sun but safe!
- Effects of UV radiation
- Protection against UV radiation
- UV index
- Infrared radiation
- What is ionising radiation?
- Radioactivity in the environment
- Where does radioactivity occur in the environment?
- What is the level of natural radiation exposure in Germany?
- Air, soil and water
- Building materials
- Industrial residues (NORM)
- BfS laboratories
- Applications in medicine
- Radiation protection in medicine: international activities
- Applications in daily life and in technology
- Radioactive radiation sources in Germany
- Register high-level radioactive radiation sources
- Type approval procedure pursuant to RöV and StrlSchV
- Cabin luggage security checks
- Radioactive materials in watches
- Ionisation smoke detectors (ISM)
- What are the effects of radiation?
- Effects of selected radioactive materials
- Consequences of a radiation accident
- Cancer and leukaemia
- Genetic radiation effects
- Individual radiosensitivity
- Epidemiology of radiation-induced diseases
- Ionising radiation: positive effects?
- Risk estimation and assessment
- Radiation protection
- Basic informations
- Occupational radiation protection
- Nuclear accident management
- What happens in an emergency?
- Federal and state tasks
- In the event of an emergency
- Measuring networks
- Exercises for emergency situations
- Nuclear accidents
- Defence against nuclear hazards
- Service offers
- Radon measurements
- Incorporation monitoring
- Biological dosimetry
- Online library
- About us
- Science and research
- Research concept
- Scientific collaborations
- EU research framework programme
- BfS research programme
- Third-party funded research
- Departmental research
- Selected research projects
- Selected research results
- Professional opinions
- Science Council
- Laws and regulations
- BfS Topics in the Bundestag
Gallery show / hide
A gallery is a horizontal or nearly horizontal mine opening for material transport, men-haulage and ventilation, which is long in proportion to the cross-cut.
Gamma dose rate show / hide
The gamma dose rate is the radiation exposure which effects man from outside. It is given as dose equivalent, measured at a certain place per hour. The gamma dose rate is generally given in Microsievert per hour (µSv/h).
Gamma measurementshow / hide
Measurement of the external radiation that humans are exposed to depending on time and place.
Gamma radiation show / hide
Electromagnetic wave radiation emitted by an atomic nucleus. Gamma radiation of the same physical nature as visible light, however with considerably more energy and high penetration capacity in matter. Heavy materials such as lead or concrete must therefore be used for shielding from gamma radiation. Apart from the type of generation gamma radiation can be compared to X-radiation.
Gamma submersion show / hide
Radiation exposure through gamma radiation of radioactive aerosols and gases in the atmosphere.
Gantry craneshow / hide
The gantry crane spans its working area like a bridge. It runs mostly on two parallel tracks upon which it supports itself. On account of its design the gantry crane can lift great loads between its supports.
Gastroenterology show / hide
Special area of internal medicine dealing with the diseases of the gastro-intestinal tract and adjacent organs.
geophoneshow / hide
A geophone works like a highly sensitive microphone. It converts slightest tremors of the ground into electrical signals.
Geosphere show / hide
Geosphere is the space where the earth's crust, water and air hull touch and penetrate each other.
Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM)show / hide
International standard for mobile communications operations. The transmission frequencies are at 900 MHz (e. g. D-network) and 1800 MHz (e. g. E-network). The data transmission rate is 9.6 kbit/s. The signal is pulsed with 217 Hz.
Gon show / hide
A measure usual in geodesics of the even angle, defined as the hundredth part of the right angle ( 1 Gon = 0,9°).
Gray show / hide
SI-measure of the energy dose, 1 Gray (Gy) = 1 joule per kilogram.
Guide railshow / hide
Guide rail for the winding conveyance, such as the cage or basket.