- What are electromagnetic fields?
- Static and low-frequency fields
- What are static and low-frequency electric and magnetic fields?
- Direct and alternating voltage
- Effects of static and low-frequency fields
- Reports & Evaluations
- Radiation protection relating to the expansion of the national grid
- Basics transfer of electrical power
- High-frequency fields
- What are high-frequency fields?
- Applications high-frequency fields
- Radiation protection in mobile communication
- What is mobile communication?
- Reports and evaluations
- What is optical radiation?
- UV radiation
- What is UV radiation?
- Sun but safe!
- Effects of UV radiation
- Protection against UV radiation
- UV index
- Infrared radiation
- What is ionising radiation?
- Radioactivity in the environment
- Where does radioactivity occur in the environment?
- What is the level of natural radiation exposure in Germany?
- Air, soil and water
- Building materials
- Industrial residues (NORM)
- BfS laboratories
- Applications in medicine
- Radiation protection in medicine: international activities
- Applications in daily life and in technology
- Radioactive radiation sources in Germany
- Register high-level radioactive radiation sources
- Type approval procedure
- Cabin luggage security checks
- Radioactive materials in watches
- Ionisation smoke detectors (ISM)
- What are the effects of radiation?
- Effects of selected radioactive materials
- Consequences of a radiation accident
- Cancer and leukaemia
- Genetic radiation effects
- Individual radiosensitivity
- Epidemiology of radiation-induced diseases
- Ionising radiation: positive effects?
- Risk estimation and assessment
- Radiation protection
- Basic information
- Occupational radiation protection
- Nuclear accident management
- What is an emergency?
- What happens in an emergency?
- Federal and state tasks
- In the event of an emergency
- Measuring networks
- Exercises for emergency situations
- Defence against nuclear hazards
- Service offers
- Radon measurements
- Incorporation monitoring
- Biological dosimetry
- Online library
- BfS DORIS online library
- Göttingen Catalogue of Nuclear Law (GAK)
- About us
- Science and research
- Research concept
- Scientific collaborations
- EU research framework programme
- BfS research programme
- Third-party funded research
- Departmental research
- Selected research projects
- Selected research results
- Professional opinions
- Science Council
- Laws and regulations
- BfS Topics in the Bundestag
Goettingen Catalogue of Nuclear Law (GAK)
Between 1960 and 1988, Goettingen Catalogue of Nuclear Law (GAK) was published in print as “International Bibliography of Atomic Energy Law” by the Institute for International and European Law Goettingen. Later on it was replaced by a database version which could be accessed free of charge on the internet.
GAK contains bibliographic information on specialist literature and nuclear legislation from countries worldwide as well as international treaties, agreements and other documents issued by international organizations. Over the past decades this collection grew to a final amount of approximately 10,000 articles and 79,000 copies of acts, international treaties and other materials. Between 1988 and 2005 approximately 15,000 documents were added.
Specialized subject classification for nuclear law
GAK provides a specialized subject classification for nuclear law. The classification can be used in various ways, allowing to run searches according to topics and their sub-areas, subject groups of nuclear law (such as radiation protection) or to carry out a search based on country codes.
Comprehensive collection (up to 2005) available on the internet
GAK was developed by the Institute for International and European Law at University of Goettingen. For technical reasons the institute can no longer provide access to GAK and has stopped updating it since July 2005.
As of 2013 GAK is made available on the internet by the Federal Office for Radiation Protection (BfS) in order to provide permanent access to its content.
State of 2019.01.22