- What are electromagnetic fields?
- Static and low-frequency fields
- What are static and low-frequency fields?
- Direct and alternating voltage
- Effects of static and low-frequency fields
- Reports & Evaluations
- Radiation protection relating to the expansion of the national grid
- Basics transfer of electrical power
- High-frequency fields
- What are high-frequency fields?
- Applications high-frequency fields
- Radiation protection in mobile communication
- What is mobile communication?
- Reports and evaluations
- What is optical radiation?
- UV radiation
- What is UV radiation?
- Sun but safe!
- Effects of UV radiation
- Protection against UV radiation
- UV index
- Infrared radiation
- What is ionising radiation?
- Radioactivity in the environment
- Where does radioactivity occur in the environment?
- What is the level of natural radiation exposure in Germany?
- Air, soil and water
- Building materials
- Industrial residues (NORM)
- BfS laboratories
- Applications in medicine
- Applications in daily life and in technology
- Radioactive radiation sources in Germany
- Register high-level radioactive radiation sources
- Type approval procedure pursuant to RöV and StrlSchV
- Cabin luggage security checks
- Radioactive materials in watches
- Ionisation smoke detectors (ISM)
- What are the effects of radiation?
- Acute radiation damage
- Effects of selected radioactive materials
- Consequences of a radiation accident
- Cancer and leukaemia
- Genetic radiation effects
- Individual radiosensitivity
- Epidemiology of radiation-induced diseases
- Ionising radiation: positive effects?
- Risk estimation and assessment
- Radiation protection
- Basic informations
- Occupational radiation protection
- Nuclear accident management
- What happens in an emergency?
- Federal and state tasks
- In the event of an emergency
- Measuring networks
- Exercises for emergency situations
- Nuclear accidents
- Defence against nuclear hazards
- Service offers
- Radon measurements
- Incorporation monitoring
- Biological dosimetry
- About us
- Science and research
- Research concept
- Scientific collaborations
- EU research framework programme
- BfS research programme
- Third-party funded research
- Departmental research
- Selected research projects
- Selected research results
- Professional opinions
- Laws and regulations
- BfS Topics in the Bundestag
The Federal Office for Radiation Protection's principles for the further development of radiation protection
Radiation protection has to take into account technical, ethic and moral aspects
This task goes far beyond technology and metrology. It comprises specialist protection concepts and principles, takes into account ethic principles and social, moral concepts about what goods are to be protected, what protection level is to be achieved or ensured, and how precautionary and protection measures are to be set out in detail to achieve the protection goals.
For this purpose, applications of radioactive substances, man-made ionising and non-ionising radiation need to be taken into consideration in the same way as environmental radiation exposures, in particular if they pose concrete risks.
"Principles for the further development of radiation protection" as a framework for orientation and activities
The Principles for the Further Development of Radiation Protection have been developed by the Federal Office for Radiation Protection (BfS). In the principles, objectives and perspectives for national radiation protection are formulated on the basis of a summary of current radiation protection fundamentals.
They form a framework for orientation and activities which is suitable for bringing, in a transparent and comprehensible way, the future, content-related works of BfS relating to the further development of radiation protection in line with clear objectives.
State of 2017.02.09