- What are electromagnetic fields?
- Static and low-frequency fields
- What are static and low-frequency electric and magnetic fields?
- Direct and alternating voltage
- Effects of static and low-frequency fields
- Reports & Evaluations
- Radiation protection relating to the expansion of the national grid
- Basics transfer of electrical power
- High-frequency fields
- What are high-frequency fields?
- Applications high-frequency fields
- Radiation protection in mobile communication
- What is mobile communication?
- Reports and evaluations
- What is optical radiation?
- UV radiation
- What is UV radiation?
- Sun but safe!
- Effects of UV radiation
- Protection against UV radiation
- UV index
- Infrared radiation
- What is ionising radiation?
- Radioactivity in the environment
- Where does radioactivity occur in the environment?
- What is the level of natural radiation exposure in Germany?
- Air, soil and water
- Building materials
- Industrial residues (NORM)
- BfS laboratories
- Applications in medicine
- Radiation protection in medicine: international activities
- Applications in daily life and in technology
- Radioactive radiation sources in Germany
- Register high-level radioactive radiation sources
- Type approval procedure
- Cabin luggage security checks
- Radioactive materials in watches
- Ionisation smoke detectors (ISM)
- What are the effects of radiation?
- Effects of selected radioactive materials
- Consequences of a radiation accident
- Cancer and leukaemia
- Genetic radiation effects
- Individual radiosensitivity
- Epidemiology of radiation-induced diseases
- Ionising radiation: positive effects?
- Risk estimation and assessment
- Radiation protection
- Basic information
- Occupational radiation protection
- Nuclear accident management
- What is an emergency?
- What happens in an emergency?
- Federal and state tasks
- In the event of an emergency
- Measuring networks
- Exercises for emergency situations
- Defence against nuclear hazards
- Service offers
- Radon measurements
- Incorporation monitoring
- Biological dosimetry
- Online library
- About us
- Science and research
- Research concept
- Scientific collaborations
- EU research framework programme
- BfS research programme
- Third-party funded research
- Departmental research
- Selected research projects
- Selected research results
- Professional opinions
- Science Council
- Laws and regulations
- BfS Topics in the Bundestag
MELODI: Multidisciplinary European Low Dose Initiative
In its final report, the "High Level Expert Group on European Low Dose Risk Research" (HLEG) recommends to set up a European Platform dedicated to low dose risk research. The platform was given the acronym Multidisciplinary European Low Dose Initiative (MELODI) and became a registered association according the French law.
Five of the national institutions responsible for radiation protection in their countries which have been participating in the HLEG have signed a Letter of Intent (LoI) in order to initiate the process of setting up the MELODI platform. The process is described in an introductory document.
The purpose of MELODI is
- to propose Research and Training priorities for Europe in its field of competence (EUROPE 2020 Strategy),
- to seek the views of stakeholders on the priorities for research, keep them informed on progress made, and contribute to the dissemination of knowledge and
- to interface with international partners like WHO and IAEA.
Development of MELODI
Since the initiation of MELODI the number of the partners is continuously growing. End of 2010 MELODI became a registered association with 15 members according the French law. A list of all partner organisations engaged in the MELODI platform and further documents related to MELODI are to be found on the MELODI website.
The development of MELODI is mainly promoted by annually held workshops.
The Federal Office for Radiation Protection (BfS), on behalf of the MELODI signatories, organized the First Open MELODI Workshop in Stuttgart on September 28 and 29 2009. 156 scientists, representatives of regulatory bodies and interested stakeholders from 23 European countries, the USA and Japan took an active part in the workshop and discussed the future development of low dose radiation research in Europe.
The second MELODI workshop was held in Paris from 18 to 20 October 2010, jointly organized and sponsored by Institut de Radioprotection et de Sûreté Nucléaire, IRSN and Commissariat à l'énergie atomique et aux énergies alternatives, CEA.
The third workshop took place in Rome from 2 to 4 November 2011 sponsored by Istituto superiore di Sanita, ISS and Agenzia nazionale per le nuove tecnologie, L´energia e lo Sviluppo Economico Sostenibile, ENEA.
The fifth workshop MELODI-2013 was organised by SCK-CEN and took place from 8 to 10 October 2013 in Brussels, Belgium.
The sixth workshop MELODI-2014 organised by the Centre for Research in Environmental Epidemiology, Barcelona (CREAL), the University of Madrid and the Rovira i Virgili University, Tarragona, took place from 7 to 9 October 2014 in Barcelona.
The seventh workshop MELODI-2015, themed "Next Generation Radiation Protection Research", was organised by the Helmholtz Zentrum München (HMGU) and took place from 9 to 11 November 2015 in Munich, Germany.
Building on and extending the highly successful MELODI workshops and in the light of an increased integration of European research on radiation protection, in 2016 the first Radiation Protection Week (RPW2016) brought together complementary strands of radiation protection research, with the established European platforms MELODI, EURADOS, NERIS and ALLIANCE as co-organisers, along with other relevant areas for the first time. The RPW2016 took place in Oxford, UK, held in the Mathematical Institute of Oxford University.
The 2nd European Radiation Protection Research Week of the 5 European research platforms (MELODI, ALLIANCE, EURADOS, NERIS and EURAMED) was held in conjunction with the 4th International Symposium on the System of Radiological Protection of ICRP in Paris, France between 10-12 October 2017.
The 3rd European Radiation Protection Research Week (ERPW) held from 1-5 October 2018 in Rovinj, Croatia, offered the opportunity to deepen or develop networks within the research community and stakeholders, and to obtain first-hand information. 260 attendees from 22 EU countries and 12 non-EU countries joined ERPW 2018. The scientific programme, with approx. 100 presentations, more than 40 posters and various satellite events, allowed numerous opportunities of discussion between the attendees and the five European Platforms, as well as between European researchers and their international colleagues.
Strategic Research Agenda (SRA)
A major activity of MELODI is the establishment and updating of a long-term Strategic Research Agenda (SRA) for research on low dose risk for radiation protection in Europe. The SRA is intended to guide the priorities for national and European research programmes and serve the preparation of competitive calls in the area of radiation protection at the European level. The full current and former SRAs as well as associated documents can be downloaded from the MELODI website.
Network of Excellence "DoReMi" (2010-2016)
Complementary to the MELODI process, the EC-funded Network of Excellence "Low Dose Research towards Multidisciplinary Integration (DoReMi)", was set up in 2010 for a period of six years. Its aim was to address key research questions and needs in the field of low dose risk research and to support the establishment of the MELODI platform.
OPERRA Open Project for the European Radiation Research Area (2013-2017)
The Open Project for the European Radiation Research Area (OPERRA), set up in 2013 for a period of four years, aimed at supporting MELODI to build up an umbrella structure for the integration of radiation protection research in Europe.
CONCERT - European Joint Programme for the Integration of Radiation Protection Research (2015-2020)
In 2015, a European Joint Programme on radiation protection research has been established for a period of 5 years at EU level with the CONCERT project. CONCERT is a joint project of the EU and its member states for the integration of radiation protection research on a European level carrying out open research calls on the strategic research agendas of the European research platforms
- MELODI (radiation effects and risks),
- ALLIANCE (radioecology),
- NERIS (nuclear and radiological emergency protection),
- EURADOS (radiation dosimetry), and
- EURAMED (radiation protection in medicine).
The Federal Office of Radiation Protection (BfS) in Germany coordinates CONCERT.
State of 2018.10.12
- BfS' co-operation with international organisations
- OPERRA – Open Project for the European Radiation Research Area
- MELODI: Multidisciplinary European Low Dose Initiative
- High Level and Expert Group on low dose risk research
- Network of Excellence: Low Dose Research towards Multidisciplinary Integration (DoReMi-NoE)
- NERIS - European Platform on preparedness for nuclear and radiological emergency response and recovery
- Dose Datamed 2
- Towards a European Network of Excellence in Biological Dosimetry (TENEB)
- European Network on Education and Training in Radiation Protection (ENETRAP)
- European ALARA Network
- European Medical ALARA Network (EMAN)
- European Radiation Dosimetry Group (EURADOS)