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Handbook on Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection

The Handbook on Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection contains legal and sublegal regulatory documents in the field of nuclear safety and radiation protection - as reference only and partly as complete documents - and, in addition, further related regulations and information. In Section 1A the most important national laws are listed, e.g.


English translations of important regulations regarding nuclear safety and radiation protection can be found in Annex A1 of the Handbook.

Disclaimer of warranty

The Federal Office for Radiation Protection tries to provide up-to-date and correct information within the frame of the Handbook on Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection but will not be liable for the accuracy of the texts provided here. In the case of legal acts the version as published in the Federation's official publication media is binding.

Please direct your enquiry to eckhard.westermeier@bfe.bund.de.

1A - National legislation on nuclear safety and radiation protection

Chapter 1A of the Handbook contains national legal provisions regarding nuclear safety and radiation protection. Among others, you can find here the Atomic Energy Act, the Precautionary Radiation Protection Act, the Radiation Protection Ordinance and other Ordinances under the Atomic Energy Act.

1B - Other national legal provisions also to be applied in nuclear safety and radiation protection

In Chapter 1B of the Handbook national legal provisions are listed, which are also to be applied regarding nuclear safety and radiation protection. Among others, the topics environment, product safety, operational safety as well as medical devices and electromagnetic compatibility are comprised.

1C - Legal provisions concerning the transport of radioactive material

The Chapter 1C of the Handbook contains rules and regulations concerning the transport of radioactive material. Beside general provisions also regulations regarding the transport by road, railway, inland waterways, air and sea are listed.

1D - Bilateral agreements in the field of nuclear safety and radiation protection

Germany concluded with many countries agreements on co-operation in the area of nuclear safety and/or radiation protection. The chapter 1D - Bilateral Agreements comprises a list of the countries concerned as well as a list comprising the agreements or contracts concluded with them.

1E - Multilateral agreements in the field of nuclear safety and radiation protection

Chapter 1E of the Handbook comprises multilateral agreements and national executive provisions regarding nuclear safety and radiation protection. Beside general agreements also agreements regarding the topics radioactive waste, non-proliferation of nuclear weapons, liability and transport are listed.

1F - Legal provisions of the European Union

Chapter 1F of the Handbook comprises legal provisions of the European Union on nuclear safety and radiation protection. Here regulations, directives, recommendations and opinions of the European Union on the topics nuclear safety, radiation protection, radioactive waste and transport of radioactive material as well as radiological emergencies can be found.

2 General administrative provisions

General administrative provisions regulate the actions of the authorities, thus only legally binding for the administration. However, they can serve as a basis for concrete administrative decisions and thereby become legally binding externally. General adminstrative provisions on nuclear safety and radiation protection are listed in Chapter 2 of the Handbook.

3 Regulatory guidelines published by BMUB

Chapter 3 of the Handbook comprises regulatory guidelines published by the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (Bundesministerium für Umwelt, Naturschutz, Bau und Reaktorsicherheit – BMUB). The promulgations describe the view of the federal supervision on general questions related to nuclear safety and serve as orientation for the Länder authorities, which execute the supervision.

4 Relevant provisions and recommendations

Chapter 4 of the Handbook comprises provisions and recommendations relevant for nuclear safety and radiation protection. Mainly, they are adopted by the Reactor Safety Commission (Reaktor-Sicherheitskommission - RSK) or by the Commission on Radiological Protection (Strahlenschutzkommission - SSK).

5 Nuclear Safety Standards Commission (KTA)

Chapter 5 of the Handbook comprises information about the German Nuclear Safety Standards Commission (Kerntechnischer Ausschuss - KTA) as well as hyperlinks to the web page and the KTA Program of Standards.

6 Important committees

Important recommendations and statements on nuclear safety, protection against ionising and non-ionising radiation as well as on nuclear waste management are established by the Reactor Safety Commission (Reaktor-Sicherheitskommission - RSK), the Commission on Radiological Protection (Strahlenschutzkommission - SSK) and the Nuclear Waste Management Commission (Entsorgungskommission - ESK). Until the year 2009, the International Committee on Nuclear Technology (Internationale Länderkommission Kerntechnik) compiled statements for the federal states Bavaria, Baden-Württemberg and Hesse. Additionally, international committees as the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP), the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICRP) are working in the field of nuclear safety and radiation protection.

Annex to the Handbook on Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection

The Annex of the Handbook contains serveral information on the topics nuclear safety and radiation protection. Among others, here a list of available English translations of German legal provisions on nuclear safety and radiation protection can be found.

A.1 English translation of legal provisions

Annex A.1 of the Handbook comprises English translations of legal provisions on nuclear safety and radiation protection. You can find her e.g. the Atomic Energy Act, the Precautionary Radiation Act, the Radiation Protection Ordinance and the Ordinances under the Atomic Energy Act. In addition, several regulatory guidelines published by the Federal Ministry of the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (Bundesministerium für Umwelt, Naturschutz, Bau und Reaktorsicherheit - BMUB) are listed.

Transfer of specialised tasks from the BfS to the BfE

On 30 July 2016, the Act on the Organisational Restructuring in the Field of Nuclear Waste Management became effective. It provides that the federal tasks of supervision and licensing in the field of nuclear energy, interim storage, repository site selection and repository surveillance shall be bundled in a new federal authority, the Federal Office for the Safety of Nuclear Waste Management (Bundesamt für kerntechnische Entsorgungssicherheit, BfE).

With the entry into force of this Act, the corresponding specialised tasks of the BfS have been transferred to the BfE. In order for the BfE being able to act immediately, the BfS supports the BfS for a transitional period.

The websites are currently being revised jointly by the BfS and the BfE. During this time, you will find all information about the topics nuclear safety, nuclear waste management und repository surveillance on the BfS website.

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